Guar or cluster bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) is believed to have originate from Africa but it’s been grown throughout southern Asia. India and Pakistan have distinct advantage of agro-climatic conditions for the cultivation of guar though it is also successfully grown in U.S.A., South Africa, Australia, Brazil, Zaire and Sudan. Guar is a drought-tolerant, multi-purpose annual arid legume crop cultivated mainly during Kharif season and used for extracting gum from seeds, animal fodder from vegetative part, and also used as green manure.
In India the major guar producing areas are Rajasthan, Gujarat and Haryana. The major producing areas are also important processing areas of guar and its derivatives. Guar gumis exported from Kandla and Mumbai port. RDM Exports are the best Guar Seeds Exporters & Traders in India.
Properties:Guar is the source of a natural hydrocolloid, which is cold water soluble and form thick solution at low concentrations. The guar seed consists of three parts: the seed coat (14-17%), the endosperm (35-42%), and the germ (43-47%). It is from the endosperm that guar gum is derived, which is the prime marketable product of the plant. This sphericalshaped endosperm contains significant amounts of galactomannan gum (19 to 43% of the whole seed), which forms a viscous gel in cold water. Like other legumes, guar is an excellent soil-building crop with respect to availability of nitrogen. Root nodules contain nitrogen-fixing bacteria and crop residues, when ploughed under, improves yields of succeeding crops
Cultivation: Guar plant grows well under a wide range of soil types. It thrives best in fertile, medium textured and sandy loam soils, with good structure and well-drained subsoil. The plant cannot stand water-logging conditions.Guar is considered to be tolerant of both soil salinity and alkalinity. Buy from the best Guar Seeds Exporters & Traders in India The crop tolerates high temperatures and dry conditions, and is adapted to arid and semi-arid climate. It can be successfully grown in areas receiving 500-700 mm of rains per year and may yield 1.5-2.5 tons per hectare. It is sown immediately after first showers in July and harvested around November each year. The crop yield is directly related to the monsoon. It requires a relatively long growing season of 20-25 weeks. Slight deviation in normal rainfall during budding period results in fluctuation in production.Ideally guar requires two showers before sowing, one spell during budding and another one at the time of blossoming.
Uses: Guar was traditionally used for feeding animals in Rajasthan and green pods were used for vegetable purpose. With the development in processing technology in the country, guar seed is being used for extracting gum powder, which has many applications including food preparations, beverages, textiles, paper industry, petroleum industry, mining, explosives, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.
Cumin can be used ground or as whole seeds. It imparts an earthy, warming and aromatic character to food, making it a staple in certain stews and soups, as well as spiced gravies such as curry and chili.It is also used as an ingredient in some pickles and pastries. Traditional uses: Guar Gum is one of the most cost effective and functional ingredients available for formulating food products. Soluble in cold water, Guar imparts a high viscosity and exhibits superior water-binding capacity at low usage levels. These characteristics make it suitable for use in applications as diverse as cottage cheese, sauces, soups, and frozen desserts. The nonionic nature of Guar makes it tolerant to extreme salt and electrolyte levels, important criteria when selecting a thickener for nutraceutical beverages.