“Seed" means a matured ovule having embryonic plant, food substance and protective cover or seeds or germ which can be used in sowing or planting to produce crop by reproducing in sexual or asexual mode. (Seed Act, 1988). Seed is a live embryo in dormancy mode with or without cover, which can grow as a fully developed plant under a favourable environment.
Harvesting of Maize: Generally, the maize cob should be harvested after full mature stage. The harvesting time is after the heavy rainfall stops (the husk should become dry, dark brownish, and seed should also be dried on the cob of standing plant in the field. At time of harvesting, a black spot is seen in the bottom (side attached to the cob)of seed. This black spot suggests it is ready for harvest. If the cob hangs a little bit more than before, it is time for harvest. Harvesting of cob should be done only after stopping the heavy rain. And, also the harvesting should be done in sunny day.
Collection of produced seeds and storage : Germination test After harvesting the seeds about 2 to 3 months, conduct germination test as indicated in “6.3 Germination test of foundation seed”. The coordinator of each group shall collect samples from individual farmer, and conduct germination test based on the procedures indicated in “6.3 Germination test of foundation seed”.
If the result of the germination test is below 85%, the seeds will be returned to the respective famer. The farmer shall once again clean the seeds and submit it to the coordinator. This process shall be continued until the germination rate becomes 85% or above. If the germination rate does not reach 85% after several times of cleaning, the coordinator shall reject the seeds, and the farmer shall use them for selfconsumption or sales as food-crop. It should also be noted that germination of seeds is affected by low temperature. Therefore, when conducting germination test, temperature of the container should be 25-30 ºc.
This process should be conducted with extra care; because if the reliability of the germination test at this point is low, it will affect the seed quality of the entire lot, which will lead to lower the income of the whole seed production group. We are the Top Exporters of Maize Seeds in India After confirming that the seeds have germination rate of 85% or above, the coordinator shall submit the record of final germination tests for each farmer to the cooperative. The record shall consist of; name of farmer, type and variety of crop, period of germination test, and germination rate.
Collection of produced seeds and storage: After receiving the final result of the germination tests from the group coordinator, the cooperative shall collect the seeds from the group. The certificate provided by regional lab is mandatory before marketing of seeds. RDM Exports are the best and Top Exporters of Maize Seeds in India.